“Carved out from Bihar in 2000, Jharkhand made rapid economic progress from 2005-06 to 2015-16, raising its per capita net domestic income by 36.7%. During this period, women’s literacy improved from 37.1% to 59%, the proportion of institutional deliveries increased from 18.3% to 61.9%, infant mortality rate fell from 69 deaths per 1,000 live births to 44, and under-five mortality fell from 93 per 1,000 to 54, data from the fourth National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) show.
Yet, 45.3% of Jharkhand’s under-five children were stunted, 47.8% underweight and 29% wasted in 2015-16, while 40.3% of its population continued to live under the poverty line (set at Rs 356 per capita a month in villages and Rs 538 per capita in cities).
However, Jharkhand failed to utilize the funds allocated for health–only 40% of its approved budget for National Rural Health Mission in 2014-15 was spent, down from 61% in 2013-14, and there continues to be much mismanagement and lack of oversight all along the value chain. In its failure to translate economic growth into all-round prosperity, Jharkhand holds a mirror to much of India,” found IndiaSpend
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